(also read AGADE)
   1. As a toponym, this refers to the yet undiscovered city in northern Babylonia, said to have been founded by Sargon of Akkad, who made it the capital of the Akkadian Dynasty. The city’s rise and downfall were the subject of a well-known Sumerian literary text that blames the sacking of the city by foreign invaders known as the Gution royal arrogance. Some archaeologists suggest that the remains of Akkad are to be found in the vicinity of Baghdad.
   2. As a geographical term (during the late third and early second millennia B.C.), this denoted the northern part of the country, from the point where the Tigris and Euphrates come closest to the southern part of the Jezirah. It was used in distinction to the southern part, known as Sumer. From the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur, “Sumer and Akkad” denoted all of Babylonia.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • Akkad — oder Akkade (sumerisch KUR URIKI, A.GA.DEKI) war eine Königsstadt in Mesopotamien, im späten 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr. wurde sie von Sargon von Akkad zum Zentrum seines Reiches erhoben. Man spricht daher vom Reich von Akkad bzw. Akkadischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • AKKAD — (Heb. אַכַּד), one of the capital cities of nimrod in Shinar (Sumer), according to the table of nations (Gen. 10:9–10). In the cuneiform sources, Akkad (Sumerian Agade or Aggide) refers to both a city and a country in northern Babylonia which… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Akkad — [ak′ad΄, äk′äd΄] 1. ancient region in N Babylonia (fl. c. 2300 2100 B.C. ) 2. its chief city, for a time the capital of Babylonia …   English World dictionary

  • Akkad — /ak ad, ah kahd/, n. Also, Accad. 1. one of the ancient kingdoms of Mesopotamia, the northern division of Babylonia. 2. Also called Agade. a city in and the capital of this kingdom, one of the three cities of Nimrod s kingdom. Gen. 10:10. adj. 3 …   Universalium

  • Akkad — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le terme Akkad, ou Agadé, peut avoir plusieurs sens : Akkad ou Agadé est une ville de l ancienne Mésopotamie. L empire d Akkad est un État qui domina …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Akkad — I Ạkkad,   Ạkkade, ehemalige altorientalische Stadt in der Nähe von Babylon, genaue Lage unbekannt, wurde um 2235 v. Chr. von Sargon, dem Begründer der Akkad Dynastie, als Hauptstadt des ersten semitischen Großreichs auf mesopotamischem Boden… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Akkad —    In general regional terms, the northern portion of Babylonia, as opposed to the southern portion, called Sumer. In a more specific way, the term Akkad (or Agade)is used to designate the local homeland and home city of the great Akkadian… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Akkad — n. ancient Mesopotamian Kingdom, northern part of Babylonia; capital city of the kingdom of Akkad …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Akkad (Ville) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Akkad. Akkad ou Agade (parfois appelée Dūr Sharrukīn à partir de la seconde moitié du IIe millénaire av. J. C.) est une ville antique de Basse Mésopotamie, ancienne capitale de l Empire d Akkad, fondé par Sargon… …   Wikipédia en Français

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