(305–141 B.C.)
   Dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator, who was one of the generals in the army of Alexander the Great. In the struggles over the succession to Alexander’s empire, Seleucus obtained most of the Asiatic territories and all of Persia, Bactria, and Mesopotamia, and he introduced a new dating system in Babylonia that began on 3 April 311. Greek became the language of administration. The capital was a new foundation, Seleucia-on-the-Tigris. He and all of his successors were engaged in constant, often violent confrontations with the Ptolemies, another Macedonian dynasty that ruled from Egypt. The objects of these fights were the fertile and wealthy regions in Syria and Palestine. The Seleucids lost Mesopotamia to the Parthians in 141 B.C.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • Seleucid dynasty — Macedonian Greek dynasty (312–64 BC) founded by Seleucus I Nicator. Carved from the empire of Alexander the Great, the Seleucid domain stretched from Thrace to the border of India and included Babylonia, Syria, and Anatolia. Seleucus was… …   Universalium

  • Seleucid Empire — The Seleucid Empire /sə lusɪd/ (312 63 BC) was a Hellenistic empire, i.e. a successor state of Alexander the Great s empire. The Seleucid Empire was centered in the near East and at the height of its power included central Anatolia, the Levant,… …   Wikipedia

  • dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty …   Universalium

  • seleucid — I. sə̇ˈlüsə̇d, sə̇lˈyü noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: New Latin seleucides, from Seleucus I died 280 B.C. Macedonian general and founder of the Seleucid dynasty + Latin ides, masculine patronymic suffix more at id : a member of a …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seleucid — [sə lo͞o′sid] n. pl. Seleucids or Seleucidae [sə lo͞o′si dē΄] [< L Seleucides < Gr Seleukidēs] a member of a dynasty founded by Seleucus I and ruling (312 364? B.C. ) over S Asia Minor & the region between the Mediterranean Sea & the Indus… …   English World dictionary

  • Seleucid — 1803, in reference to dynasty founded in Syria 312 B.C.E. by Seleucus Nicator, general of Alexander. It lasted until 65 B.C.E. The Seleucidan Era, a local reckoning in the East (maintained by Syrian Christians) usually is dated to Sept. 1, 312… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Seleucid Empire —    The large Greek controlled imperial realm that replaced the short lived empire of Alexander the Great in Mesopotamia and other sectors of the Near East in the late fourth century b.c. Soon after Alexander s untimely passing (caused perhaps by… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Hasmonean dynasty — Dynasty of ancient Judaea, descendants of the Maccabee family. The name derives from their ancestor Hasmoneus, but the first of the ruling dynasty was Simon Maccabeus, who became leader of the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid king с 143 BC… …   Universalium

  • Seleucid — noun Etymology: New Latin seleucides, from Seleucus I Date: 1851 a member of a Greek dynasty ruling Syria and at various times other Asian territories from 312 B.C. to 64 B.C. • Seleucid adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Seleucid — /si looh sid/, n., pl. Seleucidae / si dee /, adj. n. 1. a member of a Macedonian dynasty, 312 64 B.C., that ruled an empire that included much of Asia Minor, Syria, Persia, Bactria, and Babylonia. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the Seleucids or… …   Universalium

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